Assessment of the Risk Factors to the Coronary Artery Disease in Coronary Care Units in Lebanon
In Lebanon Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) remains the major health problem accounting for over 16% of prevalent health conditions and 60% of underlying causes of deaths in older adult. It has a number of risk factors that can be as classified as un-modifiable such as: age, gender, and family history and modifiable risk factors such as; smoking, diabetes, and obesity. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the risk factors to the coronary artery disease in different coronary care units in Lebanon. The study was conducted on 120 patients from different coronary care units (CCUs) of three hospitals. A questionnaire on CAD risk factors was used to collect the required data, such as; socio-demographics, past medical history, life style, food intake, and smoking. Patient’s personality type was assessed by tool II, and a number of physiological parameters that may play a role in the incidence of CAD such as lipid profile and body mass index were collected by the tool III. The results showed that the possible main CAD risk factors included: age≥ 60 years, male gender, family tendency, obesity, high intake of carbohydrates and protein, and high cholesterol risk, in order. Moreover, it was found that there was a significant statistical relationship between old age and obesity, smoking and personality type B, and hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. Therefore, it is important to early detect individuals with CAD risk factors, monitor them, and control modifiable factors. It is significant also to provide adequate treatment to patients with CAD in critical stages, education and post discharge rehabilitation in order to prevent recurrent attacks.
Tarek Kasem Chabayta
Dr. Iman Zahran