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Long-Term Weight-Loss Lifestyle Modification Programme in a Patient with Severe Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Degeneration and Obesity: A Case Report

Abstract

Obesity is a growing health problem worldwide, associated with serious medical and psychosocial comorbidities that increase the risk of mortality. Strong evidence confirms lifestyle modification programmes as the cornerstone of its treatment. However, the available long-term lifestyle modification programmes for weight management delivered in Arabic-speaking countries seem to be lacking in effectiveness in terms of weight-loss maintenance and do not conform to the standard for clinical significance. Factors such as methodological weaknesses in programme transcultural adaptation and the lack of expert clinical supervision before and during implementation seem to underlie this discrepancy. In this case report, we describe for the first time an Arabic-speaking patient with obesity and severe lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration, who successfully underwent weight management by means of a new, well-adapted and well-implemented personalized cognitive behavioural programme for obesity (CBT-OB). After eighteen months, the patient displayed significant weight-loss maintenance (~16% weight-loss), improvement in total and central body fat distribution, reduced pain from disc degeneration, and an increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). The CBT-OB programme may be a feasible approach to managing Arab patients with obesity, producing long-lasting weight-loss maintenance improvements in the obesity-related profile.

Author(s)

hana ahmad el tannir