Fluorescence polarization assay to detect the presence of traces of ciprofloxacin


Detection of ciprofloxacin residues in milk by sensitive and rapid methods is of great interest due to its use in the treatment of dairy livestock health. Current analytical approaches to antibiotics detection, are laboratory-based methods and they are time-consuming and require trained personnel. To cope this problem, we propose an assay, based on fluorescence polarization principle, able to detect the presence of ciprofloxacin in diluted milk sample without any pre-treatment. The proposed method is based on the use of ciprofloxacin-protein conjugate labeled with near infrared fluorescence dye, which upon binding to specific antibody causes an increase of the fluorescence polarization emission signal. The developed assay allows for the detection of ciprofloxacin at a concentration of 1ppb, which represents an amount lower than the maximum residual limit (MRL) of ciprofloxacin in milk, as set by the European Union regulation (100 ppb).


Hiyam Kojok


Nada EL DARRA, Hiyam Kojok, Mahmoud Khalil, Sabato D’Auria, Antonio Varriale

Journal/Conference Information

Scientific reports,DOI:, ISSN: ISSN 2045-2322 (online), Volume: 10, Issue: 2020, Pages Range: 1-6,