Next Generation Sequencing Identifies Five Novel Mutations in Lebanese Patients With Bardet-Biedl and Usher Syndromes
Aim: To identify disease-causing mutations in four Lebanese families: three families with Bardet-Biedl and one family with Usher syndrome (BBS and USH respectively), using next generation sequencing (NGS).
Methods: We applied targeted NGS in two families and whole exome sequencing (WES) in two other families. Pathogenicity of candidate mutations was evaluated according to frequency, conservation, in silico prediction tools, segregation with disease, and compatibility with inheritance pattern. The presence of pathogenic variants was confirmed via Sanger sequencing followed by segregation analysis.
Results: Most likely disease-causing mutations were identified in all included patients. In BBS patients, we found (M1): c.2258A > T, p. (Glu753Val) in BBS9, (M2): c.68T > C; p. (Leu23Pro) in ARL6, (M3): c.265_266delTT; p. (Leu89Valfs*11) and (M4): c.880T > G; p. (Tyr294Asp) in BBS12. A previously known variant (M5): c.551A > G; p. (Asp184Ser) was also detected in BBS5. In the USH patient, we found (M6): c.188A > C, p. (Tyr63Ser) in CLRN1. M2, M3, M4, and M6 were novel. All of the candidate mutations were shown to be likely disease-causing through our bioinformatic analysis. They also segregated with the corresponding phenotype in available family members.
Conclusion: This study expanded the mutational spectrum and showed the genetic diversity of BBS and USH. It also spotlighted the efficiency of NGS techniques in revealing mutations underlying clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders.
Said El Shamieh
Lama Jaffal, Alexandre Assi, Charles Helou, Isabelle Audo, Christina Zeitz
Genes,DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10121047, ISSN: 2073-4425, Volume: 10, Issue: 12, Pages Range: 1-16,