rs622342 in SLC22A1, CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 and Glycemic Response in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Receiving Metformin/Sulfonylurea Combination Therapy: 6-Month Follow-Up Study
Background and objective: Since the treatment outcome with oral anti-diabetics differs between individuals, the objective of this study is to evaluate the significance of rs622342 in SLC22A1, CYP2C9*2 (rs1799853) and CYP2C9*3 (rs1057910) with regard to the efficacy of metformin/sulfonylurea combination therapy in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Methods: Eighty-eight Lebanese individuals with T2DM received metformin/sulfonylurea combination therapy over 3 and 6 months. The clinical and biochemical characteristics were collected. Genotyping of rs622342 in SLC22A1, CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 was performed using hybridization probes on real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) instrument. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0.
Results: The levels of fasting blood sugar (FBS) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) showed a statistically significant reduction over 3 and 6 months of follow-up (p < 0.001). An interaction between rs622342 in SLC22A1, CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 (p = 0.035) was found associated with reduced levels of HbA1c levels after 3 and 6 months. A significant difference between the means of HbA1c was observed among the different groups after 3 and 6 months (p = 0.004 and p < 0.001, respectively). The most beneficial group was; AA and AC, *1*3, whereas the individuals that benefited the least were CC, *1*3 at 3 and 6 months. In contrast to HbA1c, no interaction was found between the three polymorphisms to affect FBS (p = 0.581).
Conclusion: The combination of metformin/sulfonylurea therapy led to the maximum glycemic control in individuals with T2DM carrying AA or AC genotypes in SLC22A1 and *1*3 in CYP2C9.
Said El Shamieh
Ali Salami, Khaled Naja, Rajaa Fakhoury
Journal of Personalized Medicine,DOI: 10.3390/jpm10020053, ISSN: 2075-4426, Volume: 20, Issue: 2, Pages Range: 53-57,