Can Intentional Weight Loss Ameliorate Sarcopenia in Individuals with Obesity? A Longitudinal Interventional Study


Little remains known regarding the impact of weight loss on sarcopenic obesity (SO), and for this reason we aimed to assess the relationship between the two during a weight management program. Body composition was measured at baseline and six-month follow-up using the Tanita BC-418, and step measurements were obtained daily over a period of six months using an Omron HJ-320 pedometer, in 41 adults of both genders with obesity. The participants were then categorized according to the presence or absence of SO. After a significant weight loss, an improvement in the appendicular skeletal mass (ASM) to weight ratio (24.5 ± 3.5 vs. 26.2 ± 3.6, p < 0.01), indicated a decrease in the prevalence of SO by 12.2%. Moreover, these findings were confirmed by logistic regression analysis revealing a significant WL% ≥ 5% combined with an active lifestyle (i.e., ≥8000 steps/day), decreased the risk of SO by 91% (OR = 0.09; 95% CI: 0.02–0.56), after adjusting for age and gender. In conclusion, in a weight management setting, a personalized program for individuals with SO that incorporates new strategies in terms of weight loss and physical activity targets may be adopted to improve the sarcopenia-related index and reduce the prevalence of SO in this population.

Journal/Conference Information

Clinics and Practice,DOI: DOI: 10.3390/clinpract12010014, ISSN: ISSN 2039-7283, Volume: 12, Issue: 1, Pages Range: 106-112,