Clinical and nutritional management of very-low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) in patients with psoriasis and obesity: a practical guide for the nutritionist


Psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease associated with multiple comorbidities. Considered one of the most common inflammatory skin diseases among the general population, it not only affects the skin, but also negatively impacts other organs and joints. In addition, psoriasis has been associated with several chronic cardio-metabolic diseases such as obesity, which would seem to be (i) a risk factor for the onset of psoriasis and (ii) a worsening factor of the severity of the disease. Weight loss appears to improve severity in overweight patients. Recently proposed as an obesity management nutritional strategy, the very-low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) has demonstrated significant effects in reducing inflammatory processes. In the current review, we describe the evidence available on psoriasis and VLCKD, and provide a practical guide to the prescription of VLCKD in the different phases, evaluation and management of possible adverse events, and the importance of physical activity as a lifestyle modification to reduce psoriasis and associated comorbidities. Randomized control trials are, however, necessary to determine the most effective VLCKD protocol for patients with obesity and psoriasis, optimal protocol duration, composition of micronutrients and macronutrients, choice of special supplements, and management of carbohydrate reintroduction.

Journal/Conference Information

Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition,DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2022.2083070, ISSN: 1040-8398 (print) 1549-7852 (web), Volume: -, Issue: -, Pages Range: 0-0,