Vitamin D Related Gene Polymorphisms and Cholesterol Levels in a Mediterranean Population


In addition to its role in bone health, vitamin D (VitD) has been implicated in several pathological conditions. Specifically, VitD deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of dyslipidemia. Atherogenic dyslipidemia is characterized by increased low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and decreased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). In this study, we examined the association of six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VitD-related genes with VitD and lipid levels, in a cohort of 460 Lebanese participants free from chronic diseases. Our results showed no association of the examined SNPs with VitD concentrations. However, the presence of the minor allele in rs10741657G>A of CYP2R1 was associated with increased levels in LDL-C (β = 4.95, p = 0.04)] and decreased levels in HDL-C (β = -1.76, p = 0.007)]. Interestingly, rs10741657G>A interacted with gender to increase LDL-C levels in females (β = 6.73 and p = 0.03) and decrease HDL-C levels in males HDL-C (β = -1.09, p = 0.009). In conclusion, our results suggest that rs10741657 G>A in CYP2R1 is associated with circulating LDL-C and HDL-C levels in a Lebanese cohort. Although this association was gender-specific, where rs10741657G>A was associated with increased LDL in females and decreased HDL in males, the presence of the minor allele A was associated with increased cardiovascular risk in both genders. These findings need to be validated in a larger population. Further investigations are warranted to elucidate the molecular mechanism of VitD polymorphism and dyslipidemia.

Journal/Conference Information

Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Diseases,DOI: 10.3390/jcdd9040102, ISSN: 2308-3425, Volume: 9, Issue: 4, Pages Range: 102-110,